Question: January, 2022
Crystal A., family member of an ARDS survivor, asks:
Also, why do ARDS patients often suffer an acute kidney injury/kidney failure, and how does CRRT/dialysis not only treat the kidneys, but also helps the patient recover from ARDS?
DAH is caused by a lot of bleeding into the lungs. This is sometimes caused by inflammation from a vasculitis, as granulomatosis with angiitis. This is a different process than in most other causes of ARDS. On the other hand, we think some DAH is precipitated by an infection. ARDS from most other causes has relatively little bleeding into the lungs, whereas in DAH there is a lot of bleeding.
ARDS is frequently caused by a severe infection that causes sepsis, which means some noxious substances from the infection and from the patient’s immune response are circulating in the blood. These substances sometimes injure the kidneys. Also, sepsis sometimes causes shock, with low blood pressure and poor blood flow to various organs. Kidneys are very sensitive to poor blood flow.
CRRT/dialysis cleans the blood of substances normally cleared by kidneys, and CRRT/dialysis can be used to remove excess fluid (water) from the body. It does not really treat the kidneys. It substitutes for the failed kidneys until the failed kidneys can recover, which they frequently can do. CRRT can help patients recover from ARDS by removing excess fluid from the body, which can get into the lungs and worsen the edema problem of ARDS.p;
Roy Bower MD
Professor of Medicine –
Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine –
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
ARDS Foundation invites those in the ARDS Community to ask general questions related to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the complications that surround ARDS, as well as issues that occur as a result of Post Intensive Care Syndrome (PICS).
Each month a specialist will address issues of concern surrounding the question. Periodically, a specialist may recap current research related to ARDS.
Disclaimer: The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.